4. The Fens
The Fens were once marshland and their draining in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries left behind a fertile soil that has made the area the breadbasket of Britain.
There is more to the Fens, though, than agriculture. From the early Christian period of Anglo-Saxon England, the isolation and wilderness of the area attracted many religious men and women and the large concentration of churches, priories and convents led to it becoming known as “The Holy Land of the English”. Many of the former monasteries are now churches and cathedrals including Ely, below) and can be visited to this day.