3. Steam engine: Richard Trevithick, 1801
Richard Trevithick was one of the pioneers of the industrial revolution, a British inventor and mining engineer. He built a full scale steam locomotive in 1801 that used high pressured steam. It was first tested near Redruth in Cornwall on Christmas Eve in 1801 and proved to be a great success. The ‘puffing devil’ paved the way for modern day trains.