Stirling Castle | William Wallace, Mary Queen Of Scots & More

(This post was originally posted on our sister site British-Castles.com)

Stirling Castle is located at a strategically important spot, where the lowlands meet the highlands, giving a defensive position.

The castle has therefore played a pivotal role in Scottish history.

In this post, we have highlighted the key events that took place in Stirling Castle. In addition, you can also find information on visiting the castle. Let’s dive in!

stirling castle
Stirling Castle

Where Is Stirling Castle?

Situated in Stirling, Scotland, Stirling Castle sits on the top of Castle Hill. Surrounded by three cliffs, the castle has a strong defensive position.

The strategic position makes it one of the most important fortifications both historically and architecturally.


When Was It Built And By Whom?

Stirling Castle dates from at least the 12th Century. The castle has been transformed between 1490 and 1600. All the present buildings have been constructed throughout the years until 1600.

The Stuart Kings, James IV, V, and VI were the key developers of the Stirling Castle. They gave the construction the perfect amalgamation of English, French, and German influences. The structure and architecture largely reflected the international ambitions of the Stuart dynasty.


What Is The History Of Stirling Castle?

King Alexander I (12th Century)

The castle’s existence and story date back to Roman times. With King Alexander I and his reign in the 12th Century, the structure started taking shape.

The focus of wars of Independence

In the wars of Independence, in the 13th and 14th centuries, the Stirling Castle became the key stronghold for the Scottish forces.

William Wallace and Robert, the Bruce, fought to free Scotland from British rule nearby.

Edward I

Stirling Castle | William Wallace, Mary Queen Of Scots & More 1
Edward I

In 1303, the English had the upper hand again. Stirling being the last castle in the hand of the Scottish rule, Edward lay 17 siege engines.

The Scottish forces surrendered. However, as Edward I didn’t get an opportunity to deploy his siege engine – Warwolf, he commanded the garrisons to go back inside the castle.

Furthermore, he was successful in destroying the castle’s gatehouse.

Centre of Biggest Conflicts

In 1307, Edward I died, and the Scottish forces came to power again. The conflicts were consistent, and Stirling Castle became the center of it all due to its strategic position and significance in Scotland.

Mary of Scots and James VI and I

Later, in the year 1371, the Stuart dynasty owned the Stirling Castle.

Stirling Castle became the childhood home for both Mary Queen of Scots and James VI and I. The Stuart dynasty were the key developers of the castle.

The castle got involved in plots and rivalries. Later, it became a military base and finally the home of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.


How To See The Castle Today?

Stirling Castle is open to the public, and you can visit it from 9.30 am to 6 pm. You will have to make an advance booking to visit the Castle.

The price for the tickets are below:

  • £9.60 for children (5-15)
  • £16.00 for adults
  • Concession tickets
  • Family tickets available (children under five do not need tickets)

Wrapping Up

Stirling Castle has played a crucial role in Scottish history.

Many events took place, and several monarchs have owned this majestic castle.

When you visit Stirling Castle, you will be able to experience and live the events that unfolded in the historic structure.


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